Crisp Heritage Chevalier Ale Malt (EBC 6.7)
To lead the way with innovative malt products Crisp Malting Group are driving innovation with this handcrafted floor malted product from the number 19 malthouse in Great Ryburgh. This heritage malt is Chevalier, a barley first selected for malting in the 1820's and which by the late 19th century was being used globally for malt production. This is a highly sought after product and we are very lucky to have supply it has been brought back from a handful of stored seeds, this was the most highly prized malt in Victorian times. The sack this malt comes in is also a touch of class, not to be missed the opportunity to brew with this heritage malt
The origins of Chevallier date back to 1825, with the variety attributed to the efforts of Rev John Chevallier, the son of British astronomer and mathematician Rev Temple Chevallier. It eventually gave way mid-20th century, with the plant being tall and prone to 'lodging', a bending of the stalk, as well as providing lower yields than the varieties that surpassed and replaced it.
The variety returned to the attention of the modern world thanks to research into Fusarium resistance. And, according to Dr David Griggs of Crisp Malting, this quality, combined with modern agricultural techniques to manage plant heights and stiffen stems, make the return of Chevallier possible.
As a heritage variety, with proscribed legal limits, Chevallier will never be grown in huge amounts. But that's part of the objectives in its reintroduction — to have brewers think about malted barley much in the way that they're enthused about hop varieties.
As Griggs described it, 'What we're trying to encourage is, 'OK, you've done the hop now it's time to consider malts and consider are there differences in flavour coming through from different varieties.' So let's go back to the start and see whether this variety does bring forward something different from what you're getting out of a modern variety."
Starting a few years ago with only a handful of seeds, by 2013 half a tonne was available for brewing, with head brewer Shane Swindells at The Cheshire Brewhouse collaborating with Crisp's Carl Heron to create Govinda, an authentic 19th century beer.
By 2014 there was a 20 tonne harvest, with five tonnes malted by Crisp Malting on their traditional No 19 floor maltings. (The balance was reserved for seed.) This malt was snapped up by four American craft brewers: Bells, Sierra Nevada, Goose Island and Tributary.
Now the 2015 harvest is nudging 200 tonnes and there's Chevallier malt aplenty. With another 15 tonnes reserved for seed, the expectation is that similar harvests will be possible in future years.
Griggs said that Chevallier is being used to brew IPAs, porters and old ales - beers that would have been around at the time when Chevalier was the predominant variety.
"People that have tasted it say that it has a very rich, malty flavour. We've had comments back from the States such as, 'It's the most aromatic malt that I've ever brewed with.' ... There's a perception of a difference, of richer maltiness."
It's hoped that a handful of brewers will make continued use of Chevallier as part of their beer portfolios rather than treat it as a one-off experiment in malting flavours.
And in keeping with the 'malt is the new hops' thinking, Griggs noted that there are further heritage varieties in the pipeline that will be introduced as interest in Chevallier begins to wane.
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Malt Substitution Guides
|CRISP MALTS||EBC||IREKS MALTS||EBC||WEYERMANN MALTS||EBC||BEST MALTS||EBC||CASTLE MALTINGS||EBC|
|German Pils Malt/ Europils||3 - 4||IREKS Pilsner Malt||3-4||Pilsner Malt||2.5-4||Heidelberger/Pilsner Malt||2-2.9 / 3 - 4.9||Pilsen||2.5-3.5|
|Pale Ale Malt||3 - 4||IREKS Pale Ale Malt||5-7||Pale Ale Malt||5.5 - 7.5||Pale Ale||5 - 7||Pale Ale||7 - 9|
|Vienna Malt||6 - 10||IREKS Vienna Malt||8 - 10||Vienna Malt||6 - 9||Wiener||8 - 10||Vienna||4 - 6|
|Light Munich||17 - 28||IREKS Munich Malt||18 - 22||Munich Malt 1/ Munich Malt 2||12 - 18 / 20 - 25||Muncher/Muncher Dunkel||11 - 20 / 21 - 35||Munich 15 / Munich 25||14 - 16 / 25|
|Dark Munich Malt||45 - 60||IREKS Mela Red Alder||40 - 50||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||Red X / Melanoidin Light||28 - 32 / 40 - 60||Melano 40 / Cara 50||50|
|Dark Munich Malt||45 - 60||IREKS Mela Beech||80 - 90||Melanoidin Malt||60 - 80||Melanoidin||60 - 80||Melanoidin 80||80|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Aroma Malt||260 - 300||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||Special X||300 - 400||Aroma / Special B||100 / 300|
|Chocolate Malt||900 - 1100||IREKS Chocolate Malt||800 - 1000||Carafa II||800 - 1000||Chocolate||800 - 1000||Chocolate||900|
|Black Malt||1250 - 1450||IREKS Black Malt||1300 - 1500||Carafa II||1300 - 1500||Rostmalz Extra||1300 - 150||Black||1500|
|Dextrin Malt||2.5 - 3.5||IREKS Crystal Maple||3 - 4||Carapils||2.5 - 6.5||Caramel Pils||3 - 7||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|CaraGold Malt||13 - 17||IREKS Crystal Birch||10 - 15||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||Caramel Hell||20 - 40||Cara 20||20|
|Cara Malt||25 - 35||IREKS Crystal Oak||25 - 35||Carahell||20 - 30||Caramel Aroma||41 - 60||Amber||45|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Crystal Mahogany||55 - 65||Carared||60 - 80||Caramel Amber||61 - 80||Cara 50 / Biscuit 50||50 / 50|
|Crystal 100||110 - 130||IREKS Crystal Rosewood||110 - 130||Caramunch II||110 - 130||Caramel Munich II||110 - 130||Cara 120||120|
|Crystal 150||160 - 180||IREKS Cyrstal Teak||140 -160||Caramunch III||140 -160||Caramel Munich III||130 - 200||Castle Crystal||1500|
|Crystal 400||420 - 480||IREKS Cyrstal Ebony||380 - 420||Caraaroma||350 - 450||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Sour Malt||2 - 5||Acidulated Malt||3 - 6||Sauermalz||3 - 6||Acid||3 - 7|
|Peated Malt (Not an exact match)||IREKS Smoked Malt||3 - 8||Beech Smoked||4 - 8||Rauchmalz||3 - 8||Peated (smoked)||3.5 - 5|
|Dextrin Malt||2.5 - 3.5||IREKS Spitz Malt||2 - 4||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|Wheat Malt||3 - 5||IREKS Wheat Malt Light||3 - 5||Pale Wheat Malt||3 - 5||Weizenmalz||3.5 - 6||Wheat Malt||3.5 - 5|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Wheat Malt Dark||14 - 18||Dark Wheat Malt||15 - 20||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||Munich Malt||14 - 16|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Wheat Malt Black||1600 - 1800||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|Organic Extra Pale Ale Malt||3 - 4.5||IREKS Organic Pilsner Malt||3 - 4||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Organic Munich Malt||18 - 22||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|Organic Crystal Malt||160 - 180||IREKS Organic Crystal Oak||25 - 35||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|
|NO MATCH||NO MATCH||IREKS Organic Wheat Malt||3 - 5||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH||NO MATCH|